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12/24
08:06
主席树 数据结构 模板

POJ 2104 K-th Number 主席树

Description

You are working for Macrohard company in data structures department. After failing your previous task about key insertion you were asked to write a new data structure that would be able to return quickly k-th order statistics in the array segment. That is, given an array a[1...n] of different integer numbers, your program must answer a series of questions Q(i, j, k) in the form: "What would be the k-th number in a[i...j] segment, if this segment was sorted?" For example, consider the array a = (1, 5, 2, 6, 3, 7, 4). Let the question be Q(2, 5, 3). The segment a[2...5] is (5, 2, 6, 3). If we sort this segment, we get (2, 3, 5, 6), the third number is 5, and therefore the answer to the question is 5.

Input

The first line of the input file contains n --- the size of the array, and m --- the number of questions to answer (1 <= n <= 100 000, 1 <= m <= 5 000). The second line contains n different integer numbers not exceeding 109 by their absolute values --- the array for which the answers should be given. The following m lines contain question descriptions, each description consists of three numbers: i, j, and k (1 <= i <= j <= n, 1 <= k <= j - i + 1) and represents the question Q(i, j, k).

Output

For each question output the answer to it --- the k-th number in sorted a[i...j] segment.

Sample Input

7 3
1 5 2 6 3 7 4
2 5 3
4 4 1
1 7 3

Sample Output

5
6
3

Hint

This problem has huge input,so please use c-style input(scanf,printf),or you may got time limit exceed.

Source

Northeastern Europe 2004, Northern Subregion

主席树的模板题。

主席树,即函数式线段树,支持查找历史版本,即可持久化……

如果每个节点都新建一棵线段树的话,会MLE。所以,每次建树,只需要建更改了的那一部分,其他的指向之前的即可。

另:主席树是一种离线数据结构,必须知道所有数字的范围。

一般需要离散化。